A 16th century yellowish to colorless brandy produced in Peru by distilling fermented grape juice into a high-proof spirit, much like an Eau de vie. Pisco from Peru must be aged for at least 3 months but only in steel vats. They must be distilled to proof, and ABV tends to stay around ~40%
The second most common juice used in cocktails. This citrus juice is about 6% acid; 4% from citric and 2% from malic, with small amounts of succinic acid (this is what gives it a little bloody taste). Lime juice should be used the day it is squeezed, some like it freshly squeezed and others like it a few hours old.
A syrup made from dissolving granulated sugar (sucrose) in water. Regular simple is made by combining 1:1 sugar:water by mass, rich simple is 2:1 sugar:water by mass although only 1.5 times as sweet as regular. We always use 1:1 syrup unless otherwise noted in the recipe itself.
You know what eggs are. In cocktails, eggs are used for their foaming properties, giving the drink a rich and creamy texture. The eggs proteins form a 'net' that traps air and liquid extremely well; for this reason, drinks that contain eggs are shaken. They are also used for egg washing, a type of booze washing. Some cocktails use only the egg white (fizzes) and some use the whole egg or only the yolk (flips). There are common non-egg substitutes out there, check out insta-foam
A concentrated aromatic bitters made in Trinidad from water, ethanol, gentian and other herbs and spices; used in many classic cocktails like the Manhattan.
Dry shake, without ice, then shake again with ice. Fine-strain into a chilled coupe or old-fashioned glass. Garnish with a few drops of Angostura bitters atop the foam, swirled around with a pick or straw.
Lime in Spanish is lemon, so you’ll often see Piso Sours prepared with lemon juice, which works well too. The bitters help to cover the aroma of egg white.
Meehan’s Bartender Manual
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